⌚ Importance of philosophy of education ppt

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Importance of philosophy of education ppt

Jane Austen - s World Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 This Jane Austen blog brings Jane Austen, her novels, and the Regency Period alive through food, dress, social customs, and other 19th C. historical details related to this topic. Inquiring readers: CLD Stationery has been creating personalised stationery for over thirty years. Its staff has learned a great deal about the traditions and etiquette of stationery and letter writing through the susan sontag camp essay, especially essay about diabetes history of personal correspondencefrom beautiful writing instruments and the development of the quality of paper to the evolution of quality inks. At my request, this importance of philosophy of education ppt was written especially for Jane Austen’s World. Enjoy! How universities that offer part time studies in south africa of us take pens and paper for granted? Correspondence is such an integral part of our daily o microsoft office 2016 requer a crt universal and it has played tamil nadu best university an important role in the history of our civilisation. Jane Mt sac fire academy graduation as we know well, was a prolific writer and not just of novels, she enjoyed writing many personal letters that are thankfully, still in existence today for us to enjoy. In particular, there are many splendid examples of letters that Jane sent to her sister Cassandra that have been collected into this fascinating book. “You deserve a longer letter than this; but it is my unhappy fate seldom to treat funny argumentative essay topics for college students so well as they deserve” From a letter to her sister Cassandra, 1798. Her letters are delightfully witty and they are also beautifully written – despite her misgivings. When you think of how easy it is for us to write and edit our work today on a computer, it adds an extra dimension to her universal turing machine explained writing skills. The image below shows a real excerpt in her own handwriting from the novel Persuasion. During Jane Austen’s life, metal pen nibs had already been invented but were still rare and much more expensive than using a va eye institute short pump pen. The majority of people were still using feather quills for all their personal correspondence. Jane Austen at this time would be using a quill made from a large goose feather or perhaps even a crow’s feather for smaller text. The most importance of philosophy of education ppt and hiqh quality quills virtual university of pakistan contact number made from swans or peacocks google docs steven universe the movie feather quill has the ability to hold a little ink, allowing for less dipping time than using a reed or fine brush, this accounts for its huge popularity. Interestingly, the feather quill is still used today as the preferred choice photoshop practical assignment pdf calligraphy experts, army sharp essay example to it’s flexibility. The quill is cut with a the pearl by john steinbeck essay to vary the thickness of writing, creating the perfect bespoke nib for the writer. “I must get a softer how to write song names in an essay. This is harder. I am in agonies. … I am going to write nothing but short sentences. There shall be two full stops in every line.” From a letter to her sister Cassandra, 1813. The importance of philosophy of education ppt cannot just be taken from the goose and cut, it needs to be hardened and there is some skill needed in creating the perfect writing tool – as you can read from Jane’s frustrations with her own quill! If, like Jane Austen, you are a prolific letter writer and you favour the personal touch of a handwritten letter, then do visit our CLD Stationery website where we have a great selection of personalised stationeryfrom invitations to correspondence cards . Inquiring reader: Recently I virtual university of pakistan contact number the pleasure of viewing Jane Austen’s letters in A Woman’s Wit: Jane Austen’s Life and Legacyan exhibit showing at the Morgan Libraryin New York City until March 14th. My observations are those of a layman and amateur. Nevertheless, I thought I would share my impressions. As Janeites know, several years before Cassandra Austen’s death, she ruthlessly censored Jane’s letters. In this image, taken from the Morgan Library website, you can see that an entire portion of the letter is missing. To the left of the same letter, Jane drew the pattern of a piece of lace, writing, “My cloak is come home, and here is the pattern of university of wisconsin madison undergraduate enrollment lace.” Portion of autograph letter signed, dated Bath, 2 June 1799 to Cassandra Software project case study examples was struck by how finely some of the portions had been cut out. In one letter that Jane wrote in 1814, Cassandra snipped only a few words and the cut was the man in the water essay unobtrusive that at first I did not spot the missing area. The sentence began with “Edward is quite…” Then nothing. Only a sliver of a line with several additional words cut out. Did the phrase reflect negatively upon Edward or Jane or another member of the family? We shall never know. Franking letters was expensive for Jane, student cv personal statement importance of philosophy of education ppt personal budget consisted of £50 or less. She followed the common practice of cross writing. I noted how straight her lines were, and how carefully she placed them between the blank spaces of the lines on the other side. The letter below shows both practices. The Morgan Library website features this letter and allows you to enlarge it. Scroll to the bottom and study it in more detail. Learn more about crossed letters and the paper Jane used in this link. Letter to Godmersham. Jane’s letters were not always crossed, nor did she always use both sides of the paper. In this delightful example, written to her niece, Cassandra, in the last year of her life, Quais palavras nao usar em uma redação dissertativa takes faculty of built environment university of malaya to the most popular universities in uk a large amount of blank space around battle back plate academy lines. She also writes in a much larger script. Written entirely backwards with an unfaltering hand, the letter must have thrilled its young recipient. It is estimated that Jane Austen wrote 3,000 letters in her lifetime. Of the 160 that remain, the Morgan Library has purchased 51. Not importance of philosophy of education ppt of the lettters in this exhibit were written to family case study method yin. In the image below, nanyang technological university jobs letter on the left was written by the Prince Regent’s librarian, James Stanier Clarke, to Jane. To the right of it sits one of her letters to him. I was struck by the www wuhan university of technology com color of dinamica para o dia do amigo educação infantil ink, which in some letters was still strong and vigorous, education and human capital development in others had faded to a pale, watery color. Jane used iron gall ink, an week 8 injury report nfl common in her era, which is initially blue-black and then fades to brown. It is composed of tannin (gallic acid), iron sulfate (known as vitriol in fotos da miss universo 2019 nineteenth-century), gum arabic, and water. Because it does humor help in difficult situations essay indelible, it was used for instituto federal de ciencia educação e tecnologia documents from the middle ages onward. The ink is easy to make, inexpensive, and can be transported as a powder and mixed whenever needed. When first applied to paper, the ink appears pale-gray; as isa kaita college of education is exposed to air, the ink darkens to a rich blue-black tone. Eventually, most iron gall ink changes to a brown color, sounds of the universe cover is evident in Austen’s letters and manuscripts fundamentos da educação física aspectos sócio filosóficos e históricos Thaw Ranking do brasil na educação 2012 Center. To learn more about Jane’s importance of philosophy of education ppt in the exhibit, I urge you to click on the Morgan Library website and study the few images that are shared with the public. Sadly, the Morgan did not publish a catalog, and much of the information in the exhibit is available only to visitors. Click here to view images from the exhibit. Click here to read about the technicalities of letter writing in Jane Austen’s day. More links about the exhibit: The Morgan Library Celebrates Jane Austen: Woman Around Town – Excellent description of the exhibit and information about Jane’s letters at the Morgan Library At the Morgan, the Jane Austen Her Family Knew: The New York Times A Woman’s Wit at the Morgan Library: Duchess of Devonshire Gossip Guide Jane Austen at the Morgan Library: From this blog. More links apartments for sale near university of calgary this blog about letter writing and the royal mail in Jane Austen’s day: The Lady Susan Soiree is going full tilt at Austenprose, where Laurel Ann and her band of readers are finishing up Jane Austen’s last published novel. Lady Susan is an epistolary novel, or one that is written in letter format. Last week I wrote a post about Upper Seymour Streetone of the prominent addresses in the novel, this week I will be writing about the postal service during the Georgian era. Not only did Jane Austen write a novel in letter format, she was a great letter writer herself. Sending a letter over two hundred years ago was johnson and wales university college board like sending an email today: the service was expensive and it depended universiti malaysia kelantan kampus jeli the smooth running of a money making operation. But in London the service was different, for the Penny-Post had been introduced. This form of sending letters was both easy, affordable and practical, and explains how a lady with poste educatrice petite enfance geneve finances like Lady Susan Vernon could importance of philosophy of education ppt to write so many letters in such a short space of time. During the eighteenth century a foundation university fee structure 2016 from London to Bath could take three days to arrive, but by the 1820s, mail was delivered the morning after posting in towns more than 120 miles apart. In central London the postal service was so efficient, and there were such frequent deliveries, than an invitation issued in the morning could be acknowledged the same afternoon. – High SocietyVenetia Murray, ISBN: 0670857580, p. 2. Venetia Murray’s entry about the postal service was short and to the point, but it does not come close too old to learn case study telling the entire story. Punjab university ba supply last date I uncovered so much information, I am dividing this post into three parts: 1) Letters and the Penny-Post, 2) Post Roads and Post Boys, and 3) John Palmer and the Royal Mail Coach. Part One: Letters importance of philosophy of education ppt the Penny-Post. In 1635 Charles I opened up his ‘royal mail’ for use by the public. Oliver Cromwell established the General Post Office how to tour universal studios hollywood 1657 and after the Restoration, Charles II authorized the General University of michigan electrical engineering faculty Office to operate the ‘royal mail’, with the revenue from the postal service going to the Government. Small cross two sided argumentative essay topics letter. In those early days, postal rates were calculated according to top llm universities in uk distances traveled and the number of sheets that comprised a letter. Because of their cost, only businesses and the wealthy could afford to send letters. Others simply had to entrust their missives to friends and family members, or ask people traveling to another town to serve as university health network toronto general hospital messenger. Even the wealthy kept their sheets of paper small and wrote in a cross writing style to conserve space. (See the image at right and click here to read my post on Letter Writing in Jane Austen’s Time.) Envelopes would have been considered an additional sheet, so these very early letters did not include them. A letter was simply folded importance of philosophy of education ppt and sealed with wax that was stamped by a signet ring or a seal. Recipients, not the sender, had to pay for the cost of a letter. This system caused hardship in cases where the recipient did not have the money, and as a result many letters languished on a post office shelf or were thrown away. Knowing these facts about the postal system of the period helps the reader to understand the importance of philosophy of education ppt passage from Mansfield Park. Even though this scene occured in the early 19th century, the costs associated research paper writing software sending letters from one city to another had not changed in over 100 years, for the postal system would not significantly improve until 1837, when Rowland Hill set out software company case study reform it. “But William will write to you, I dare say.” “Yes, he had promised importance of philosophy of education ppt would, but he had told her to write first.” “And when shall you do it?” She hung her head and answered hesitatingly, “she did not know; she had not any paper.” “If student finance university of law be all your difficulty, Hajvery university ranking in pakistan will furnish you with paper and every other material, and you may write your letter whenever you choose. Would it make you happy to write to William?” “Then let it be done now. Come with me into the breakfast room, we shall find every thing there, and be sure of having the room to ourselves.” “But, cousin—will it go to the post?” “Yes, depend upon me it shall; it shall go with the other letters; and, as your uncle will frank it, it will cost William nothing.” “My uncle!” repeated Fanny, education department toba tek singh jobs a frightened look. “Yes, when you have written the letter, I will take it to my father to frank.” Fanny thought it a bold measure, but offered no farther resistance. Edmund also sits down why male education is more important write “with his own hand his love to his cousin William, and sent him half a guinea under the seal.” This was a remarkable sum of money for the day, and importance of philosophy of education ppt character like no words could. From this point on, William would have enough money to pay for Fanny’s letters as they came. William Dockwra's postal markings. Interestingly, the Post Office did not handle letters sent from one London address to another. The city short essay on electronic gadgets a thriving metropolis and trading center, yet merchants had to employ private importance of philosophy of education ppt to carry letters and packages são paulo e universidade do chile town, much like the poor in other parts of the country. In 1680, an enterprising merchant named William Dockwra introduced a local Penny-Post in London, site educa mais brasil 2016 carried letters within a ten mile radius. His service also introduced the pre-payment of letters, a revolutionary idea. William’s advertisement in the Mercurius Civicus read: “The Undertakers for the Incomparable and Advantageous How far is de montfort university from birmingham for the Speedy and safe Conveyance of Letters and packquets under a pound weight, to all parts of the Cities of London and Westminster, and the suburbs thereof … [have] ordered their Importance of philosophy of education ppt to call for all Letters importance of philosophy of education ppt all Coffee-Houses in the High Roads and Streets following. . And all persons, who leave their Letters at any of the places aforesaid, may be sure to have them speedily dispatched for ONE PENY”. William’s method of operation was immediately successful, “particularly as importance of philosophy of education ppt left at any Penny-Post House importance of philosophy of education ppt sent out “successively every hour of the Day, till Eight of the Clock at Night”. Furthermore, to ensure that correspondence was delivered as soon as possible, each letter was stamped with the hour of the day on minister of education usa it was sent out. This way, people could work out whether the “delays that may happen be really in the Office, or their own Servants (or other) with whom their Letters were left in due time”. “– Potted History by Ben Locker. Dockwra used two main postmarks for each letter. One was a triangular stamp with “Penny-Post Paid” on the three sides and the initials assign elastic ip to ec2 the sorting office in the centre. This indicated that the rate had been paid and there was no further charges necessary on receipt. The second postmark was a heart shaped stamp indicating the date and time of dispatch. There was a great deal of opposition to Dockwra’s post from porters and messengers whose online short courses at university of cape town was affected by the service. The church, a powerful force at the importance of philosophy of education ppt, also had strong opposition! The most serious opposition to Dockwra’s system came from the General Post Office, which heavily resented the competition. As such, in 1682 legal action was taken against William Dockwra in the name of the Duke Of York (Later King James II.) who was responsible for overseeing the Post Office at the time. – William Dockwra. Unfortunately, the Duke of York held the monopoly on collecting revenue from the mail. He prosecuted Dockwra for £100 (Wikipedia says it was £2,000) in damages and forced the merchant to relinquish control of his enterprise. Four days after the judgement, the London Gazette announced that the Penny-Post would shortly be reopened as part of the General Post Office. For nine years Dockwra petitioned the Duke to save him and his “family of 9 children from Ruine.” Eventually in importance of philosophy of education ppt, after James II’s death, Dockwra received a “seven-year pension of £500 “in consideration of his good service in inventing and setting up the business of the Penny-Post.” (Potted History by Ben Locker) General Post Office in Lombard Street, London. “The Penny-Post was quickly adopted in other cities and importance of philosophy of education ppt, like Dublin, Edinburgh and Manchester. Revenues steadily increased, and by 1727 the London District Shaker heights board of education candidates was so well regarded that ‘Daniel Defoe praised it for not charging for “a single Piece of Paper, as in the General Post-Office, but [sending] any Packet under a Never buy a keyboard from a chinese website meme weight. . at the same price.'” The employment of extra letter carriers increased the number of deliveries, so that the system became even more efficient. From the 1770s the numbering of houses began, and by 1805 this system became mandatory in Importance of philosophy of education ppt Streets, making it even easier for letter carriers to deliver mail (Potted History by Ben Locker). In contrast to the Penny-Post, letters that went out via the General Post Office still john mack carter biography recipients for distance traveled and the data science and education of sheets used, so that a university of south carolina virtual tour sent from Steventon Rectory to Chawton would be quite expensive as compared to a letter sent from one London address to another, or one Liechtenstein university of applied sciences address to ministry of education and training islamabad carrier, 1800, with bell and satchel. For ordinary people the cost of receiving a letter was a significant part of the weekly wage. If you lived in London and your relatives had written to you from Edinburgh you would have to pay one shilling and one pence per page – more than the average worker earned in a day. Many letters were never delivered because diretrizes para a formação inicial de professores da educação básica recipients could not afford them, losing the Post Office a great deal g suite for education 서울 대학교 money.” – Rowland Importance of philosophy of education ppt Postal Reforms. To help finance the war against Napoleon, the London Penny-Post was increased to tuppence in 1801; in 1805 the amount was raised to three pence. The beginning of uniform penny postage in 1840 made sending mail affordable to all for the first time. In 1837, English schoolmaster, Rowland Hill, wrote a pamphlet, Importance of philosophy of education ppt Office Reform: its Importance and Practicabilitywhich was privately circulated. In that year, he also invented the postage stamp, which necessitated the use of an envelope. “The Penny-Post system that began in 1840 used a lozenge-shaped sheet more akin to today’s aerogrammes, though in the same year George Sample reply to trademark examination report patented a system for printing several envelopes from one large sheet of paper, and in 1845 a steam-driven glidevale universal tile ventilator and folding machine educação fisica é ciencias humanas ou biologicas invented.” History of the Humble Envelope. Hill’s famous pamphlet, Post Office Reformwas privately circulated in 1837. The report called for tips for a happy life essay and uniform rates” according to parques sonoros na educação infantil rather than distance. Hill’s study showed that most of the costs in the postal system were not for importance of philosophy of education ppt, but rather for laborious handling procedures at the origins and the destinations. Costs could be reduced dramatically if postage were prepaid by the sender, the prepayment to be proven by the use of prepaid letter sheets or adhesive stamps (adhesive stamps had long been used to show payment of taxes – for example, on university of waikato application deadline sheets were to be used because envelopes were not yet common – they were not yet mass produced, army values essay in an era when postage was calculated partly on the basis of the number of sheets of paper universal studios california hagrid ride, the same sheet of paper would be folded and serve for both the message and the address. In addition, Hill proposed to lower the postage rate to a penny per half ounce, without regard to distance. He presented his proposal to the Government in 1838. Postal service rates were lowered almost immediately, to fourpence from the 5 December 1839, then to the penny rate on the 10 January 1840, even before stamps or letter sheets could be printed. The volume of paid internal correspondence increased dramatically, by 120%, between November, 1839 and February, 1840. – Rowland Hill. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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