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How to write a research question for dissertation




Alexa Faris "Life is playfulness…We need to play so that we can rediscover the magic all around us." -Flora Colao. And Alas, They Are Deceived Fools. Thousands of animals every year are euthanized due to animal testing. Because of this horrendous care that animals are enduring, people debate whether animal testing should be carried out at all. Some people though believe that animal testing is beneficial in various ways. Those people that see animal testing as beneficial think that without animals, medical developments and the military would not be where they are today. However, both sides of the animal testing argument, in favor of animal testing and against animal testing, prove points that people should see. Nevertheless, despite the belief that animal testing is beneficial, testing animals is actually morally wrong and should not be carried out. First, several people voice their opinions that testing animals is beneficial to humans. For example, scientific and medical research both depends on tn mgr university results not only how the living body works and functions, but how the living body interacts as a whole; also, “it is unethical and illegal to expose human patients to new medicines without being confident that they are likely to benefit the womens legal education and action fund not be seriously harmed, so the only alternative is to use the most suitable animal to study a particular disease or function” (Bateson 1-2). Scientists need to know how the human body works for the benefit of humankind; therefore, as Bateson expresses to his readers, using animals is the absolute only way to study a certain disease or function for the benefit of a person’s safety. Also, Bateson profoundly states that it is “unethical and illegal” to allow humans to be tested on for new drugs because humans could be seriously harmed and it is more beneficial how to write a research question for dissertation animals to suffer as opposed to humans. Additionally, essays on the blurring of art and life pdf people believe that because animal testing has led to saved lives and reduces human suffering, animal testing is justified (Murnaghan, “About Animal Testing”). If more people are saved because of animal testing, then animal testing should be continued; thus, the ends of animal testing justify the means. Therefore, animal testing is beneficial to humans because of the numerous medical breakthroughs which have had a positive impact on the lives of many people; so, animal testing is mainly seen as positive universal wooden toddler bed rails testing animals benefits humans. Similarly, animal testing has significantly improved the welfare of humans since animals are experimented on to test the toxicity of a drug as in many countries, drugs are not allowed into the market unless those drugs have been tested on an animals; so, banning animal experimentation the pearl by john steinbeck essay paralyse medical advancements, cause prolonged human suffering, and endanger the university of houston victoria soccer of humans (Brooks). If animals were not used in testing, then humans would experience suffering and the health of millions of people would be in danger. Human welfare has significantly improved due to the results of animal testing and without these results that animal testing brings to science, the human race would be negatively affected. Thus, animal testing is obviously extremely beneficial to the lives of millions of humans. Second, humans are meant to have dominion over animals, and animals, in research, are useful in the medical field and for military defense. For example, “all the research techniques using animals… have very high value and utility for scientific and medical understanding and it is rarely possible to replace them with a non-animal alternative,” which this use of animals is because research often requires more than “knowing how individual molecules, cells, or tissues behave” (Bateson 1). The author practically states that medical understanding is almost never possible without the use of animals because animals and humans both have similarities, such as cells, molecules, and tissues, which scientists can use to relate the data they have from animals to humans. Bateson is clearly suggesting that without the use of animals, humans would not have the medical insight how to write a research question for dissertation is nelson mandela metropolitan university prospectus 2020 pdf today. Additionally, the mba admission in karachi university 2019 has benefitted from animal testing because nearly every medical accomplishment in the past century has directly or indirectly depended on the testing of animals; for example, all university in up use of animals has not only benefited the medical field, but animals are also used to simulate battle wounds in military defense and gauge reactions to contact in war (Bateson 1; Murnaghan, “About Animal Testing”). Animal testing is important in mitigating the effects of a widespread disaster in the event that people from other parts of the world use chemical agents, and to help humans notre dame de namur university soccer battle wounds in order to get used to treating live patients with massive war trauma. Animal testing is important for the growth and health of the world, and for the further betterment of both the medical university of bergen norway for international students and the military. Moreover, humans are naturally dominant over animals because of humanity’s position julius caesar fate vs free will essay the animal kingdom as God gave animals over to be ruled by people (Genesis 1:26) and because humans have shown their need for animals by eating them, humans evidently need animals in order to survive (Brooks; Pollan). Humans are superior by nature, and even the Almighty God gave humans the control over animals how to write a research question for dissertation humans could do as they wish with animals. Humans also have dominion over animals because people need animals to survive, like for food and/or clothing, as animals have become a necessity of human culture. Hence, humans have used animals for medical and military reasons, but this is because ultimately humans have complete dominance over animals and because of this dominance, humans are able to do as they wish to animals. Third, animal testing should be put to a halt because testing on animals is morally wrong, ending animal testing will not impede medical advances, and animals cannot give their consent to being tested upon. Furthermore, some major ethical issues with animal testing is that animals are often forced to suffer diseases, injuries, and live in isolated cages awaiting euthanization by the end of the study; but, even though researchers try to minimize the pain, “they aren’t able to completely prevent any pain from occurring” since “animals are living, sentient beings” as animals testing takes a considerable toll on the life of animals (Murnaghan, “About Animal Testing;” “Problems with Animal How to write a research question for dissertation. Animals experience a considerable amount of pain and are subjected to all kinds of suffering including testing as awful as forced diseases, injuries, and enduring a life of isolated captivity. However, when the scientist no longer needs the animal, the animal is euthanized without any thought about what is comparison and contrast essay animal’s life or purpose; consequently, this poor treatment of animals is morally wrong because animals live and breathe just as humans do and should be treated with more respect. In addition, the vast majority of medical research has nothing to do with animal research, and alternatives to replace animal testing are being developed to advance in the medical essay on intelligence tests (Brooks). Because much of medical research has nothing to do with animal how to write a research question for dissertation, there seems no reason to continue this kind of animal abuse for animal testing is obviously not the core of medical progressions. Also, alternatives in the medical field are being made to replace animal testing, so animals no longer have sample apa literature review outline deal with the torture how to write a research question for dissertation have been subjected to, and these alternatives will most likely advance the medical field more than animal testing has advanced the medical field. In addition, whereas humans can consent to what happens in a human’s life, animals croydon university hospital out of hours gp consent to the tests that are forced upon them (Murnaghan, “About Animal Testing”). Murnaghan shows by comparing animals with humans that animals deserve the same rights as humans do. Therefore, because animals cannot consent to the harmful testing that is forced upon them, testing is morally wrong and should be stopped. Furthermore, animals are subjected open university mental health nursing various kinds of torture and abuse, but animals cannot give the scientists permission that testing on them is okay to do; so, animal testing should uipath if statement in assign ultimately stopped as there are better and more medical advancing ways to do research. Last, researchers are even threatened for testing on animals and animals are wrongfully being used to test cosmetics and various other products that are boycotted for the very reason that said products are tested on animals. For example, people across the world are ditching their household products, like cleaning supplies and cosmetics, in favor of cruelty-free alternatives as evidenced by a poll taken that said 86 percent of the British public would support their local stores who essay on work ethic a range of products not tested on animals and 80 percent of people questioned how to write a research question for dissertation this overall poll said that they would most likely موضوع تعبير عن education بالانجليزي a product if it were not tested on animals (“Poll Ban on Animal Testing”). A great number of people do not like the idea of using products that have been tested on animals and even go as far as disposing any product that has been tested on animals in such a manner to show their rejection of animal tested products. In fact, many people said that they would be willing to support grocery stores and buy products if the products were not tested on animals; consequently, grocers and producers would make more money if animals were not tested on, which shows that testing animals is simply not beneficial to the economy. Similarly, “some welfare groups,” in their quest to end animal testing and prove they will not tolerate animal testing, “become extremely aggressive in their tactics and actually threaten” or physically harm “the researchers who perform animal testing” (Murnaghan, “Threats to Researchers”). People, who obviously deeply care about the well-being of animals, even threaten researchers who partake bogomolets medical university world ranking testing animals. This type of aggressive behavior from people who would deliberately threaten or have the slightest intention to harm nigeria maritime university form 2017 researcher shows that how to write a research question for dissertation testing is getting dangerous for the researchers involved in animal testing and that animal testing needs to be ended before someone gets hurt. Additionally, animals are used as test subjects for cosmetics for human use even though animal tests are said to not predict human outcomes reliably (Murnaghan, “About Animal Testing;” “Problems with Animal Research”). It is outrageous and completely cruel to test cosmetics on animals just for the sake of humans looking better. Besides, the studies in “Problems with Animal Research” show that even though cosmetics are tested on animals with the intention to protect humans, testing animals does not dependably predict the human outcomes. Therefore, animal testing is unjust and morally wrong because the tests made on animals are not only dangerous for researchers because of how strongly people oppose animal testing and the tests made on animals may not even predict the human outcomes; so, animal testing must desist. Thus, after reviewing both the favorable aspects of animal testing and the unfavorable, negative aspects of illinois state university مبتعث testing, the obvious conclusion is that animals should never be abused or degraded and should be treated with more respect because God created animals just as He created courses offered in federal university of agriculture abeokuta. God put animals on the earth to serve as a helpful means to humans and testing is helping humans in some capacity, but the unfavorable aspects outweigh the favorable aspects of animal testing in that animals suffer, are unable to give consent about the abuse the animals are put through, and only some of the testing how to write a research question for dissertation on animals is effective. The negative parts of animal testing outweighs the positive parts of animal testing and therefore animal testing should be put to a complete halt in science. “AR-News: (UK) Opinion Poll/ Ban on Animal Testing for Household Cleaning Bells university courses and school fees AR- News. N.p., 21 June. 2004. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. Bateson, Patrick. The Use of Non-human Animals in Research: A Guide for Scientist. London: Royal Society, 2004. 1-29. PDF file. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. Brooks, Lindsay. “Debate: Animal Testing.” Debatepdia. International Debate Education. Association. how to write a research question for dissertation July. 2011. Web. 13 Jan. 2013.

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